Mercenaries, Private Military and Security Companies (PMSC)
In the last two decades, States have relied on private contractors to support military operations in conflict situations. Without the necessary democratic scrutiny and public debate, private military and security companies (PMSC) have provided services that traditionally were performed by national armies and public authorities –such us interrogation of detainees, protection of military assets, training of local armed forces, collection of intelligence and the performance of defensive and even offensive military activities-.
PMSCs provide a broad range of services, ranging from operational manpower, training, logistical support and analytical assistance
The Research Institute for European and American Studies revealed that 70% of the Untied States (US) intelligence budget authorised by Congress is spend on PMSC contractors. For example, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) allegedly conducted rendition operations and clandestine raids with the assistance of Academi (formerly known as Blackwater) contractors to provide operational manpower between 2004 to 2006 during the height of counterinsurgency operations in Iraq